Spinoza: Theological-Political Treatise (Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy) (English Edition) eBook : Spinoza, Israel, Jonathan, Silverthorne, Michael By Spinoza

    Great book Spinoza Spinoza's classic, with an excellent introduction by The Master, Jonathan Israel, who also extensively revised the translation in close collaboration with translator Silverthorne. A must. Spinoza Since love of God is the highest felicity and happiness of man, his final end and the aim of all his actions, it follows that he alone observes the divine law who is concerned to love God not from fear of punishment nor love of something else, such as pleasure, fame, ect., but from the single fact that he knows God, or that he knows that the knowledge and love of God is the highest good. (pg 60)Spinoza's Theological Politcal Treasise has intrigued me for a while, here was one of the earlier books to approach the bible as fallible and openly raise questions which would later be the subject of much later biblical debate, such as the authorship of the Pentateuch. Since this was one of the first books like this, written in a time when freedom of speech wasn't a given, the book is a little uneven. During parts Spinoza tries to reinterpret scripture using scripture which seems to give authority to scripture, while in other parts he tries to show how scripture is a product of man and not God. My guess is that while he's trying to decrease the reliance on scripture for discovering god, he also wants to take care not to offend those people. In the end it slightly backfired, for a while he was thought of as an atheist and his book was banned, although now days the book's influence on historical criticism is felt.A large chunk of the book Spinoza seems to try to take the supernatural elements out of the bible. To him things such as ten plagues in Egypt can easily be explained with natural causes, for example the locusts came by a wind from the east or a natural cause. If these things can be explained by natural causes, then its likely that the harder to explain things also likely happened with natural causes (although I don't remember him trying to explain away the virgin birth, but that might have been too dangerous). Further he believes that god established the natural laws, and if god were to bend them at all to perform a miracle then that would in fact mean that he made a mistake establishing the laws.The political part of the book is much smaller, its takes up the last few chapters, although the entire book is leading up to this point. Spinoza has been tearing down the inerrancy of the bible for the purpose of trying to get the government to allow freedom of speech and to philosophize, perhaps if the bible isn't so divine then people won't feel the urge to silence anyone who disagree with it. This freedom and a democracy leads to a happy individual and state.On a side note, I read this with the Cambridge edition, I've been really pleased with the two books I've bought so far from the series. They seem to have high quality acid free paper which will last for a while and contain great introductions, easy to read translations and have plenty of footnotes. I've been getting things on the Kindle, but this series is one I'll continue to get paper copies of. Spinoza WRITING A PHRAESEOLOGY OF PROVIDENCE, WITHOUT SUPERSTITION:Spinoza is almost as misunderstood as Hegel; almost. First; where does the TRACTATUS lie? And what is its specific role in Spinoza's overall body of work?Spinoza's body of major works reads in the following order:1661: the Logic of Man looking at Spinoza's take on the necessity of all that has been prophesied, the necessity of the FADE of substance (I'll explain in a bit); and the necessity of the praxis of human law extending out of divine law. And, in all of this, how we are to avoid the entrapment of superstition and false metaphysics and instead, reach the ultimate goal of blessedness, consisting of an overwhelming epistemological love of god that will allow us to minister to the general population in posited phrases, or narrative phraseologies that articulate divine law as the NOTION of the rule for living? This is our ultimate intent!The best way to approach this manuscript is to correlate the emerging moments of the development of the law, with the emerging moments of the intellectual instruments in Spinoza's ethics. I will list these for you and then you can use it as a reference when you investigate the text yourself:1. INSTRUMENT OF CLEAR & DISTINCT IDEAS: corresponds to the first appearance of the prophetic voice of the Mind of God2. INSTRUMENT OF SUFFICIENT ORDER: corresponds to partitioning aspects of prophetic voice into existential voice of divine law3. INSTRUMENT OF UNIVERSAL CONCEPTS: corresponds to unveiling aspects of FADE: fortune, assistance, direction, & election of infinite substance4. INSTRUMENT OF NOTION OF EXTENSION: corresponds to notion of rule for living, from definitions gained from our dialogue concerning FADE5. INSTRUMENT OF POSITED FUNCTIONAL SIGNS: corresponds to proving law through experience & the dialectic of writing narrative that reinforces divine and human law.6. INSTRUMENT OF INFINITE INTELLECT: corresponds to extracting a phraseology of providence from Nature & Scripture, without the distortions of superstition.There are a total of 6 intellectual instruments in Spinoza's system of thought.I am a sincere fan of Spinoza because of his influence on so many great thinkers, including Hegel. But I do recommend you read that little Logic of Man & Well Being. It will assist you a great deal in understanding Spinoza's system. 5 stars for this well thought out treatise. Spinoza This is not an easy read, but a rewarding one. Spinoza was one of the first in biblical criticism, for which he was excommunicated. Having so far gone though it only once, I will say, like all good books it'll stand many readings, and to keep you going to the last page, it wasn't the butler that did it. Spinoza

    Achetez et téléchargez ebook Spinoza: Theological-Political Treatise (Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy) (English Edition): Boutique KindlePolitical : Spinoza: Theological-Political Treatise (Cambridge Texts in the History of Philosophy) (English Edition) eBook : Spinoza, Israel, Jonathan, Silverthorne, Michael

    Spinoza wrote his Theological Political Treatise after his Ethics as a kind of explanation, as a defense against attacks against him of heresy, as a demonstration of the philosophical principles in action which he had previously laid out in the highly theoretical Ethics, and so it has been many times claimed as to make his views readable to a much wider audience. The result is a highly readable, extended meditation on the history of biblical interpretation. He makes a persuasive case for the total lack of consistency among religious authorities who have laid down the law before, raising questions about their claims to having access to a true or pure understanding. In fact, his expose impresses upon the reader that every attempt at interpretation of the bible will inevitably be political. That is, no matter how well intentioned and how well informed, all attempts at interpreting the bible cannot help but be shaped by the cultural, historical, and political context of the interpretor. Of course, from the very outset of this work, Spinoza makes a concerted effort to show that all claims of prophetic authority are unfounded.I found it particularly engaging and interesting to watch Spinoza make these incredible daring (for the time) arguments while at the same time always being careful to insist that he is a deeply religious person and that this work is and all his works are neither scandalous nor subversive. There are times when it seems like he is engaged in defensive maneuvers to save his life, and other times when his equivocal positioning seems a virtuoso act of rhetorical fencing.This particular edition comes with Cambridge's usual high quality scholarly reference material throughout. Spinoza

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