How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need By Bill Gates

    The book is written in a way that's easy to read, not too long, and deeply impactful throughout. In only a few hours I was able to dramatically further my understanding of the larger picture on climate change. This included the breakup of challenges that we face to avoid a climate disaster (which I personally found somewhat surprising), along with the current and future measures needed to tackle it (some of which I already knew about than others). How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need Excellent book. Bill Gates, really outlines the ins and outs of something most of the society ignores. Such optimism on his innovative perception and will on solving this global issue. I highly recommend. How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need Thought provoking. Insightful. How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need This is a really good accessible book explaining how we have arrived at the edge of climatic disaster and how we can all do something about it. There will be need for rethinking of policies and there are some hard problems such as how to make CO2 free cement. The challenges of increased economic growth around the world, keep our standards of living, people having our standards of living, and at the same time cutting CO2 emissions from 51 billion tonnes to net zero in 30yrs is enormous. There are some sobering examples if what will happen eg reductions in food production in a warmer world. Bill highlights the 5 key sectors that emit the most CO2 and identifies the incredible opportunities and returns on green investments. He also advocates for technological advances to lower the 'Green Premium' paid for replacing products and services that normally emit CO2 eg purchase price electric vehicles being expensive than existing petrol vehicles. There are already some success stories such as drought and flood tolerant crops. But the message is clear, at all levels of society, be it governments, corporations or individuals action has to happen.
    This is a very readable book which I found hard to put down ( I read it over 3 evenings). It gives clear facts and makes recommendations that make sense, for example the need for research and development spending and the problems of existing investment in clean tech due to higher costs, risks and long term payback particularly in energy systems.
    Finally, the impact on the world economy of COVID 19 reduced emissions by 5%. Bill Gates was surprised by how little this was given the economic shock showing our reliance on fossil fuels in our daily lives. Change is possible but it has to come soon. How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need

    #1 NEW YORK TIMES BEST SELLER In this urgent, authoritative book, Bill Gates sets out a wide ranging, practicaland accessibleplan for how the world can get to zero greenhouse gas emissions in time to avoid a climate catastrophe.

    Bill Gates has spent a decade investigating the causes and effects of climate change. With the help of experts in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, political science, and finance, he has focused on what must be done in order to stop the planets slide to certain environmental disaster. In this book, he not only explains why we need to work toward net zero emissions of greenhouse gases, but also details what we need to do to achieve this profoundly important goal.

    He gives us a clear eyed description of the challenges we face. Drawing on his understanding of innovation and what it takes to get new ideas into the market, he describes the areas in which technology is already helping to reduce emissions, where and how the current technology can be made to function effectively, where breakthrough technologies are needed, and who is working on these essential innovations. Finally, he lays out a concrete, practical plan for achieving the goal of zero emissionssuggesting not only policies that governments should adopt, but what we as individuals can do to keep our government, our employers, and ourselves accountable in this crucial enterprise.

    As Bill Gates makes clear, achieving zero emissions will not be simple or easy to do, but if we follow the plan he sets out here, it is a goal firmly within our reach. How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need

    Bill Gates, with his vast supply of wealth and power surely has to have heard of the carbon sequestration benefits of regenerative agriculture and no till methods by now. However, instead of highlighting what will likely be one of the best solutions we have, he ignores it altogether, goes on a rant about cow farts and promotes the fake meat companies he’s heavily invested in as our best solutions. Unfortunately, this thinking will still continue to kill the majority the planet’s soil and will also do nothing to stop the loss of carbon from the soil by tilling. Only regenerative agriculture can do this but Bill Gates doesn’t want you to know it exists because he’s got money to make off of turning people into fake meat eating vegans, with zero long term knowledge or consideration of the effects. Oh the joys of capitalism.

    Very disappointed but not surprised. Automatic fail. How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need Bill Gates is obviously a bright person, he built Microsoft and was a great innovator. But this book is disappointing. Gates has clearly not studied climate science, he just assumes the IPCC reports and models are correct. Then he accepts their health and economic projections, built with climate model output. He does no due diligence. If he ran his business like this, he would not have succeeded.

    So after blindly accepting, the consensus position on climate science he then proceeds to tell us what we must do to combat his hypothesized scourge of climate change. Later he implores the governments of the world to unite in forcing us to do what he wants.

    In my opinion, this is a very shallow look at a complex topic. It is of a propaganda pamphlet than a serious book. Bill Gates should do his homework for his next book. Not recommended. How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need Bill Gates' new book was very disappointing to me. He did not seem to be able to relate to the realities of life. He imagines that the federal government will fund all kinds of very expensive bits of technology. The coronavirus pandemic has exacerbated financial woes and increased the tendency of elected officials to be tight fisted. Doesn't he know this? Senators and Representatives from fossil fuel dependent states are not going to go along with Gates' idea of deliberately making fossil fuel products so much expensive that people will want to buy carbon free alternatives. Gates seems to imagine that there will be money available to upgrade the electric grids, the need for which was seen in the recent Texas power outages. He is giving some funding, but even billionaires cannot come up with trillions of dollars. Gates' true colors can be seen in what he did fairly recently convincing Oxford University NOT to allow its Covid vaccine to be used for free by the entire world. (Jonas Salk gave his polio vaccine free to the world.) That example of Salk's apparently didn't sit well with Gates. He managed to convince Oxford University to partner up with AstraZeneca, so that Oxford's vaccine would enter the world of for profit medicine. Meanwhile the Secretary General of the UN reminds us that people in poor countries can't get Covid vaccines. Way to go, Gates. Morally bankrupt and a pie in the sky billionaire who doesn't seem to see how close the world is to climate disaster. It is not going to be able to wait for his wonderful innovations. There was only one US plant to capture and sequester carbon emissions and it closed in early 2021. Let's have some reality checks. How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need A year or so ago I read The Uninhabitable Earth by David Wallace Wells, which laid out in often horrific details, the kinds of things that would happen to the planet if we didn’t change our ways.

    Bill Gates goes for the much practical, “So what can we do about it now?” approach. This book is basically his plan to cut our carbon emissions from 51 billion tonnes to zero by 2050. That’s it in a nutshell. If we don’t then, like a bath, with even just a slow dripping tap, we’ll end up overflowing and facing some of the consequences that Wallace Wells laid out in his earlier work.

    To do this, in this enormously readable book, Gates takes us through where the emissions come from, and examines ways to work through each of those sectors, which he breaks down into making things, plugging in, growing things, getting around and keeping warm and cool.

    He tackles each in turn, although he notes that we spend a lot of time thinking about “getting around” – aka transport – which accounts for 16% of net emissions, but not so much on making steel and concrete. The food industry also gets a good look in.

    Gates is putting his money where his mouth is. Throughout the book he talks about the various companies he’s invested in. This could sound a bit, “Aren’t I clever?” but it doesn’t. He’s just being practical. It comes from the work he and his wife Melinda have carried out through their Gates Foundation in doing very practical things like fighting malaria. So he’s constantly referring to people he’s met, and businesses he’s keenly following.
    And throughout, he is very pragmatic. Only a few of us are willing – or even able – to pay a “Green Premium” for some of life’s essentials. He readily acknowledges that the lower the income you are in, the bigger a proportion of your overall costs something like transport will be. So paying even a small premium is simply not affordable. He’s also very aware that the big growth in greenhouse gases is likely to come from developing parts of the world where billions are coming to expect the same kinds of middle class lifestyles that Americans and Europeans have experienced.

    So, what are the solutions? Well, this isn’t really a list of things that you or I can do directly – assuming neither of us is a world leader. There are some of those things, but this is about policy as well as corporate and governmental support and investment. When we buy the cheapest concrete or steel, there is no carbon cost attached to it. There’s no incentive to use the greener materials.

    And where there are financial incentives, they don’t necessarily help. The energy industry is rife with them, but they protect the enormously cheap fossil fuel industry. On the other hand, laws might make it ridiculously hard to build things like windfarms (a particular problem, seemingly, in the US).

    There are things which make you raise your eyebrows a bit. Gates doesn’t believe that just planting lots of trees will fix things. He’s got nothing against trees but I think sees them as a too simplistic solution that will require ongoing care to payback their investment over centuries. He is a big proponent of nuclear fuel, pointing out that while wind and solar energy are fantastic, they don’t provide consistent power. And even though at heart, Gates is a technologist through and through, he doesn’t see battery technology meaningfully moving on, which causes difficulties if you need to store vast amounts of power to even out supply on windless or cloudy days.

    Some will look at Gates, flying around in his private jet and wonder if he really practices what he preaches? He acknowledges his own shortcomings, but I think this book shows that he is indeed putting his money where his mouth is.

    Getting to net zero will not be easy, as he repeats throughout, but it’s achievable and he’s laid out a plan to get us there. How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need pie in the sky, Gates totally ignores the single biggest issue that’s plaguing climate disaster in today’s world POLITICS.

    To his credit, Gates doesn’t get bogged down and techie in this book. There’s enough data and science to support his assertions to make them seem reasonable, providing everyone holds hands and plays nice; providing everyone involved in fossil fuels just rolls over and drinks the KoolAid, no job required anytime soon, anywhere close to home.

    There are lots of examples for how things can improve rather quickly, what they will potentially cost, how rich countries can and should help poor countries; there are countless opportunities for involvement should readers find themselves motivated for service. Once again I’m struck by the complete absence of the need for political support and cooperation. Does he REALLY think that a change from red to blue will move this project forward so easily?

    Gates continues fly around on his private jet while working on this issue. Incongruous? Oxymoronic? Perhaps it’s just plain entitlement, but it doesn’t make for good optics. There are other options and as he said repeatedly in the book, “hard choices need to be made”. Maybe not by everyone?

    No doubt I’ll be in the minority on this one but I’m a fan of the reality bus. All the good writing and professional publishing in the world cannot sweep away the fact that what we truly need is cooperation from our elected officials at EVERY level. So far, the price of gas for cars in the NE, (I drive a hybrid), has risen 20% since January 20th; that hurts. It’s too soon to understand the impact this white, cold winter will have on my heating budget. According to my “green provider”, I’m running ahead of last year but efficient than others in my area. It’s many degrees colder and we had ZERO snow last year. This should be way fun than huddling under a blanket with my pup in relative darkness each night; yup hard choices📚 How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need


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